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Ball Mill

Ball Mill

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Applied materials: cement, silicate, new-type building material, refractory material, ore dressing of ferrous metal and non-ferrous metal, glass ceramics, etc.

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Model: Ф900×1800

Max Feeding size: 20 mm


Capacity: 0.65-2 t/h

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Model: Ф2700×4500

Max Feeding size: 25 mm


Capacity: 26-90 t

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Model: Ф5500×8500

Max Feeding size: 25 mm


Capacity: 148-615 t

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Tip1: The specific time arrangement depends on the actual situation.    Tip2: Free airport transfer and hotel accommodation.

What is ball mill? How does it work?

Ball mill is grinder which is mainly used to reduce the size of ore material into powder size by using different sized balls.

The working principle of a ball mill is that as the cylindrical shell rotates, grinding elements in ball mills travel at different velocities.

That process makes collision force, direction, and kinetic energy between elements vary with the ball charge, and creates friction and rubbing forces, collision energy to grind material into particles.

Inside of the ball mill, because of the friction forces made between the mill wall and balls, the latter rise in the direction of rotation until a helix angle does not exceed the angle of repose, and then the balls roll down with parabolic curves.

In the end, when the balls fall down from near the top of the ball mill shell, they impact and attrit material to reach the size reduction.

Ball mill design

Liners and plates

liners of ball mill

  • Galvanized iron plate is most suitable for small ball mills without the demand of large grinding media.
  • Manganese liners contain 12% to 14% manganese, and cost lower than that of galvanized iron plate.
  • Ceramic or rubber linings are designed for continuous operation, and both can be used in wet or dry grinding.
  • Ceramic liners are applied to a ball mill with flint pebbles or high-density ceramic balls as grinding media.

There are two chambers in a ball mill. The liners and plates are designed to lift balls when the ball mill rotates, so crushing is the main process in the first chamber.

In the second chamber, the diameters of the ball are smaller than that of the ball in the first chamber and are between 60-15mm.

Here the liners in the second chamber are used as “classifying lining” to sorts the media so that ball size reduces towards the discharge end of the mill. The grinding process takes place in the rolling point-contact zone between each charge ball.

Bearings of a ball mill

bearings of ball mill

Cylindrical roller bearings suit for smaller ball mills.

Trunnion bearings and hydrostatic bearings

Trunnion bearings and hydrostatic bearings are often installed on the large ball milling machine, but it means you need an oil pump to supply the oil for the bearings. The oil creates boundary between the bearing itself and the shaft.

The critical speed of ball mill

optimal rotational speed

The optimum rotational speed is usually set to 65%-80% of the critical speed. Ball and pebble mills usually rotate at 70—85 % of critical speed. For dry grinding, the speed is usually much lower.

Ball mill grinding media

The common types of grinding media are steel balls, pebbles, and ceramic balls. Generally, a maximum allowed ball size is situated in the range from D/18 to D/24.

To effectively grind ore, the ball mills need to load 40% steel balls (with 30-80mm diameter)

grinding media of a ball mill

The pebbles are lighter than steel balls, and the power input is directly proportional to the volume weight of the grinding medium. Therefore, when the grinding media are pebbles rather than steel balls, the power input and capacity of pebble mills are correspondingly lower.

A pebble mill is much larger than a ball mill in a given grinding circuit thus needs higher capital cost. However, compared to a ball mill with steel ball as media, a pebble mill is more economic due to great reduction in operating cost.

Which link is the ball mill mainly used for?

  1. 1Ball mills are employed in either primary or secondary grinding applications.
  2. 2In primary applications, they receive their feed from crushers. In secondary applications, they receive their feed from rod mills, AG mills, or SAG mills.
  3. 3The circuits of these mills are usually closed with a classifier under high cyclic loads.

What factors affect the output and efficiency of the ball mill

  • drum diameter and the relation of drum diameter and length
  • The physical-chemical properties of the feed material
  • the filling of the mill by balls and their sizes
  • the armor surface shape
  • the speed of rotation
  • the milling fineness
  • the timely moving off of the ground product.

Which fields is ball mill widely used in?

ball mill suits for grinding ores

Grinding ores in the beneficiation plant

The ball mill plays an irreplaceable role in the beneficiation plant. In the process of extracting metal ore, because of the ore minerals with fine dissemination, it is necessary to grind the ores to a finer size to dissociate the useful minerals and gangue.

Ball mill can ideally control the particle size and granularity, improving the recovery rate and output of useful minerals.

ball mill in coal-slury making process

Preparation of non-metallic ores such as coal-water slurry

Ball mills are also widely used in the preparation process of coal water slurry.The coal water slurry needs to be comminuted by a ball mill in the wet grinding process.

The use of a single-machine system process can realize the large-scale coal water slurry plant.

The preparation of coal water slurry is mainly divided into two solutions:

A roller crusher, a large crushing equipment, can compensate for the insufficient capacity of the ball mill, and double the production capacity of the ball mill;

Powder concentrator can control the particle size and adjust the load distribution of the roller press and the ball mill, so as to realize the large-scale single-machine process system.

The advantages of the two processes:
  1. 1The new technological processes can reduce the space occupation, and the number of equipment and auxiliary facilities. Finally, it can cut down investment by more than 10%.
  2. 2The new process adopts a large-scale, single-machine system to simplify the parallel control system and instrumentation, and reduces operating personnel.
  3. 3Reduce energy consumption per ton of pulp by 30-50%.
  4. 4Reduce wear medium consumption by 30-100%.

cement is ground by ball mill

Ball mill is widely used in building materials and chemical industry

Cement consists of clinker, gypsum and other components mostly more easily ground than clinker.

The working principle is that cement is removed from the mill before over-grinding has taken place then it is separated into a fine fraction to meet finished product requirements.

The highest efficiency would be reach when recirculation factor or the ratio of mill throughput to fresh feed is up to three. The current cement production process includes both dry and wet grinding processes.

Ball mills used in cement production characteristics low energy consumption, large processing capacity, and large crushing ratio.

Ball mill manufactured by Fote Company-your best choice

Outstanding advantages of Fote ball mill

Save energy: Fully hydraulic operation helps to realize automatic operation, greatly improving reliability and longevity of the machine;

The flexible design of the discharge port: The discharge port is designed reasonably, and customers can choose the iron remover according to their needs;

Rotation parts: The cylinder, lining, medium, compartment board and discharge raft of the rotation part are all made up of high-quality original parts.

Large feeding unit: Reasonable feeding port design greatly increases feed volume;

High grinding efficiency and good quality of the liner: The lining and grinding body are made of alumina ceramic, quartz, SILEX or special materials, and it is designed with no iron pollution when crushing hard materials;

Closed system to reduce dust: Ultra-fine ball mill and classifier form a closed system with advantages of negative pressure delivery, low dust, reducing damage to the human body; Besides, the ball mill has higher product quality and cheaper operating prices.

Operation and repair: Reliability and safety, and easy maintenance Constant grinding granularity: With a certain ability to maintain the specified grinding fineness for a long period of time (balls are added regularly to compensate for its wear).

Sufficient parts supply and best service

ball mill with high-quality parts

  • Sufficient supply of high-quality parts minimizes maintenance costs
  • High-quality parts minimize maintenance cost
  • The ball mill produced by Fote Machinery can minimize the wear during materials impacting due to extraordinary casting process, strong heat-treating ability.
  • The grinding balls are made of high manganese steel characterizes good toughness and good manufacture ability with low price.
  • Ball mill accessories include big gear, pinion, hollow shaft, ring gear, big ring gear, steel ball, compartment board, transmission, bearing, end lining and so on.
  • Sufficient supply of each component aims at minimizing equipment repair and replacement time.

Fast delivery speed

ball mill is delivered to all over the world

Even during the Covid-19, as long as there is a trade permission in your country, we will deliver the products in the fastest way and promise that all production will be completed on schedule.

The following is the fastest shipping method and approximate delivery time according to the actual situation of different countries. (Only some customer countries/regions are listed)

Location country city Delivery method Time required(day)
Southeast Asia Indonesia Jakarta shipping 11
Malaysia Klang shipping 12
Philippines Manila shipping 5
Thailand Laem Chabang shipping 9
East Asia Japan Osaka shipping 2
Korea Pusan shipping 2
Middle Asia Uzebikistan Tashkent railway 16
Kazakhstan Almaty railway 8
Saudi Arabia Jeddah railway 25
South Asia India Nhava Sheva shipping 20
Pakistan Karachi shipping 26
Africa South Africa Durban shipping 30
Uganda Kampala shipping 45
Libya Tripoli shipping 35
Zambia Lusaka shipping 45
Kenya Mombasa shipping 32
Egypt Alexander shipping 34
Nigeria Lagos shipping 45
Europe Russia Vladivostok shipping 10
UK FEIXSTOWE shipping 35
North America The USA LOG ANGELES shipping 20
Canada Vancouver shipping 22
Mexico MANZANILLO shipping 21
South America Brazil SANTOS shipping 38
Argentina BUENOS AIRES shipping 45
Chile VAL PARAISO shipping 56
Oceania Australia SYDNEY shipping 20
Papua New Guinea PORT MORESBY shipping 30
New Zealand AUCKLAND shipping 24

Fote Machinery has set up a strong after-sales service to maintain on-site production and provide users with 24-hour online service.


Model Shell rotation speed
Ball load
Feeding size
Discharging size
Motor power
Total weight
Ф900×1800 36-38 1.5 <20 0.075-0.89 0.65-2 18.5 5.85
Ф900×3000 36 2.7 <20 0.075-0.89 1.1-3.5 22 6.98
Ф1200×2400 36 3 <25 0.075-0.6 1.5-4.8 30 13.6
Ф1200×3000 36 3.5 <25 0.074-0.4 1.6-5 37 14.3
Ф1200×4500 32.4 5 <25 0.074-0.4 1.6-5.8 55 15.6
Ф1500×3000 29.7 7.5 <25 0.074-0.4 2-5 75 19.5
Ф1500×4500 27 11 <25 0.074-0.4 3-6 110 22
Ф1500×5700 28 12 <25 0.074-0.4 3.5-6 130 25.8
Ф1830×3000 25.4 11 <25 0.074-0.4 4-10 130 34.5
Ф1830×4500 25.4 15 <25 0.074-0.4 4.5-12 155 38
Ф1830×6400 24.1 21 <25 0.074-0.4 6.5-15 210 43
Ф1830×7000 24.1 23 <25 0.074-0.4 7.5-17 245 43.8
Ф2100×3000 23.7 15 <25 0.074-0.4 6.5-36 155 45
Ф2100×4500 23.7 24 <25 0.074-0.4 8-43 245 56
Ф2100×7000 23.7 26 <25 0.074-0.4 12-48 280 59.5
Ф2200×4500 21.5 27 <25 0.074-0.4 9-45 280 54.5
Ф2200×6500 21.7 35 <25 0.074-0.4 14-26 380 61
Ф2200×7000 21.7 35 <25 0.074-0.4 15-28 380 62.5
Ф2200×7500 21.7 35 <25 0.074-0.4 15-30 380 64.8
Ф2400×3000 21 23 <25 0.074-0.4 7-50 245 58
Ф2400×4500 21 30 <25 0.074-0.4 8.5-60 320 72
Ф2700×4000 20.7 40 <25 0.074-0.4 22-80 380 95
Ф2700×4500 20.7 48 <25 0.074-0.4 26-90 480 102
Ф3200×4500 18 65 <25 0.074-0.4 As per process conditions 630 149
Ф3600×4500 17 90 <25 0.074-0.4 As per process conditions 850 169
Ф3600×6000 17 110 <25 0.074-0.4 As per process conditions 1250 198
Ф3600×8500 18 131 <25 0.074-0.4 45.8-256 1800 260
Ф4000×5000 16.9 121 <25 0.074-0.4 45-208 1500 230
Ф4000×6000 16.9 146 <25 0.074-0.4 65-248 1600 242
Ф4000×6700 16.9 149 <25 0.074-0.4 75-252 1800 249
Ф4500×6400 15.6 172 <25 0.074-0.4 84-306 2000 280
Ф5030×6400 14.4 216 <25 0.074-0.4 98-386 2500 320
Ф5030×8300 14.4 266 <25 0.074-0.4 118-500 3300 403
Ф5500×8500 13.8 338 <25 0.074-0.4 148-615 4500 525
Model Feeding
Ф900×1800 <20 0.65-2
Ф900×3000 <20 1.1-3.5
Ф1200×2400 <25 1.5-4.8
Ф1200×3000 <25 1.6-5
Ф1200×4500 <25 1.6-5.8
Ф1500×3000 <25 2-5
Ф1500×4500 <25 3-6
Ф1500×5700 <25 3.5-6
Ф1830×3000 <25 4-10
Ф1830×4500 <25 4.5-12
Ф1830×6400 <25 6.5-15
Ф1830×7000 <25 7.5-17
Ф2100×3000 <25 6.5-36
Ф2100×4500 <25 8-43
Ф2100×7000 <25 12-48
Ф2200×4500 <25 9-45
Ф2200×6500 <25 14-26
Ф2200×7000 <25 15-28
Ф2200×7500 <25 15-30
Ф2400×3000 <25 7-50
Ф2400×4500 <25 8.5-60
Ф2700×4000 <25 22-80
Ф2700×4500 <25 26-90
Ф3200×4500 <25 As per process
Ф3600×4500 <25 As per process
Ф3600×6000 <25 As per process
Ф3600×8500 <25 45.8-256
Ф4000×5000 <25 45-208
Ф4000×6000 <25 65-248
Ф4000×6700 <25 75-252
Ф4500×6400 <25 84-306
Ф5030×6400 <25 98-386
Ф5030×8300 <25 118-500
Ф5500×8500 <25 148-615


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