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6 Sand Making Machines and How to Choose the Best One

Author : Jordan Last Updated :

Sand making is the process of creating artificial or manufactured sand from materials like rock, stone, sandstone, or glass. With the increasing demand for sand, the market for sand making machines is also growing rapidly.

Hot-selling sand making machines, more commonly known as sand crushers, include:

This article will analyze the advantages and disadvantages of these sand crusher machines to help you choose the right one.

VSI sand making machine

VSI sand making machines (vertical shaft impact crushers) produce high-quality artificial sand by breaking down raw materials with a high-speed rotor and shaping them into sand-sized particles.

Applicable materials: VSI sand making machine is suitable for crushing high-hardness materials such as river pebbles, granite, basalt, iron ore, and low-hardness materials such as bluestone, weathered stone, limestone, dolomite, and gypsum. It is also well suited for processing materials with a high silica content, such as quartzite, glass.

Details you may concern
  • Capacity: 60-520 t/h
  • Maximum feed size: 50mm for soft material, 40mm for hard material
  • Output size: 2-20mm
  • Price range: $14,400/ Set (the lowest price)
  • Under the same conditions, its output can be about 10% higher than that of an HVI sand machine.
  • The fineness modulus is adjustable and controllable, and the gradation is uniform.
  • With thin oil lubrication, automatic maintenance, high transmission efficiency, and a good cooling effect, its power consumption can be reduced by 10-40% at the same capacity.
  • The hydraulic cap opening device is convenient for overhaul, inspection, and maintenance.

The grain shape of the sand is not as good as the sand produced by the HVI sand crusher.

HVI sand making machine

HVI sand making machines is also called a high-efficiency vertical shaft impact crusher. Its crushing chamber adopts the best material impact angle design, achieving sand making and shaping.

Applicable materials: Same as VSI sand making machine.

Details you may concern

  • If it is for sand making, the maximum feed size is 50mm and the capacity is 70-498 t/h.
  • If it is for sand shaping, the maximum feed size is 55mm and the capacity is 130-585 t/h.
  • Price range: $14,400/ Set (the lowest price)


  • With shaping function, its finished products have uniform size and the excellent grain shape.
  • Peripheral guard plates can be turned upside down to extend service life.
  • It only needs to replace the worn parts of the combined throwing head, which can reduce the use cost by 30%.
  • The lubrication method can be selected and the modular design of the thin oil type and the grease type of the bearing chamber can be interchanged as a whole.


  • Its output is lower than VSI sand making machine.
  • Its price is higher.

Roll crusher

Roll crushers crush and shape stones into sand-sized particles by compressing them between two rotating rollers. They are commonly used in sand plants for tertiary crushing process.

Applicable materials: Roll crushers are for crushing rocks that are relatively soft or friable such as limestone, bauxite, coal gangue and shale. They are favored in mining, metallurgy, building materials, coal mines, and other fields. They are also suitable for crushing materials with high moisture content like coal and clay.

Details you may concern

  • Maximum feed size: 30mm
  • Capacity: 50-100 t/h
  • Price range: $3,500/ Set (the lowest price)


  • Cubic finished product: No secondary processing is required, saving working time and cost.
  • Long service life and easy maintenance: Wear-resistant liners on the grinding roller are replaceable.
  • Less over-crushing phenomenon: The tooth shape, size, and arrangement on the roller surface can be changed with the nature of the material.
  • High yield rate: The yield rate after shaping and crushing is almost 100%.


The grain shape and gradation distribution of the roll crusher are better than that of the hammer crushers but worse than that of HVI and VSI sand crushers.

Hammer crusher

Hammer crushers crush rocks into sand by using high-speed rotating hammerheads. They are used in the primary crushing process or secondary crushing process of the sand making line.

Applicable materials: Hammer crushers are suitable for crushing medium-hard to soft materials like quicklime, dolomite, gypsum, brick, limestone, coal, compound fertilizer, and glass.

Details you may concern

  • Maximum feed size: 250mm
  • Capacity: 50-700 t/h
  • Price range: $976/ Set (the lowest price)


  • Stones are self-pulverized in the crushing cavity, which greatly reduces the consumption of the hammer and other wear-resistant parts.
  • High crushing ratio, output and yield.
  • A simple equipment structure means low maintenance costs.


  • It takes a long time to replace the grate when adjusting the particle size, granularity, and fineness modulus of the product.
  • The sand has high powder content and poor particle shape.

Compound crusher

The compound crusher is suitable for small sand production plants due to its small output. Its output is between 5-100 tons per hour with little energy consumption, so it saves the use cost. At the same time, the compound sand making machine has very high compressive strength.

Applicable materials: The compound crusher is suitable for crushing sandstone, limestone, cement clinker, iron ore, aluminum ore, molybdenum ore, phosphate rock, and other materials with medium hardness.


  • Discharging port: No grate and clogging.
  • Material moisture: Materials with high moisture content can be processed.
  • Noise: With a low decibel of less than 75, it is one of the few relatively low noise sand making equipment.
  • Material temperature: With the cooling system and bearing temperature detection device, it can crush high-temperature materials below 150°C.
  • Cost: It has a low cost and long service life.


  • When crushing hard rock with a compound crusher, it may result in incomplete particle size specifications and unsatisfactory shapes.
  • Large crushing ratio is likely to produce a large amount of fine powder, reducing product quality.

Mobile sand making machine

The mobile sand making machine can be easily moved to different locations as needed for the sand making and screening work. It is easy to operate and has high output.

Applicable materials: Mobile sand making machines are well-suited for processing materials in quarries and construction sites where the rocks may be diverse and of varying hardness. They can crush limestone, granite, basalt, quartz, concrete, construction wastes, etc.


  • It saves tedious on-site installation and reduces material transportation and working hours.
  • It can be matched with various stone crushing machines to carry out rough, medium, and fine processing of materials to meet customer needs.
  • The equipment has various dust-proof devices, which help achieve green sand production and keep employees away from dust hazards.


  • Mobile crushers may have limited capacity compared to stationary crushers, which can be a disadvantage for larger sand making plants.
  • Mobile crushers may have limited mobility on rough terrain or in tight spaces, which can limit their use in some applications.

3 considerations for choosing a sand crusher

Which sand crusher is better? How to choose the right one for your sand production? Take these factors into consideration when selecting a sand crusher machine.

  • 1. What is your investment budget?

    If you have sufficient funds, a mobile sand making machine is the best one. It is suitable for various on-site crushing plants with high work efficiency. In the next place, you can choose sand making machines or hammer crushers.

    If your fund is limited, buy roller crushers or compound crushers with low output and low prices.

  • 2. What is your material to be crushed?

    To crush large stones, you can either directly choose a hammer crusher or choose a two-stage crushing process consisting of a jaw crusher and a sand making machine.

    To crush stones with high moisture content, choose compound crushers or roller crushers.

    To crush medium-hard or soft stones, choose roll crushers, hammer crushers, or compound crushers.

    VSI sand crushers and HVI sand crushers are suitable for stones of various hardness.

  • 3. What are your capacity and finished product requirements?

    If your sand making plant requires high output and good sand shape, buy a VSI sand crusher, an HVI sand crusher, or a mobile crushing machine.

    If the sand making plant requires higher output, a hammer crusher can be purchased. But the sand grain shape is not very good.

    For small sand making plants, roller crushers and compound crushers are good choices.

The above six types of sand crushers are the core equipment for sand making.

The sand production plants can be composed of a single sand crusher or a combination of multiple sand crushers. How to arrange the sand machinery depends on your needs.

Whether you need limestone sand, granite sand, basalt sand, or glass sand, Ftmmachinery can provide solid sand making machines and efficient sand production lines according to your raw material size, output size, output, stone hardness, etc. Feel free to contact us.

Author : Jordan Jordan is the writer of the blog with a broad knowledge of this industry. Most importantly, he hopes to help you in your projects sincerely.

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