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What Is Gabbro and How to Crush It for Construction Uses?

Author : Jordan Last Updated :

Minerals form rocks through geological processes. Gabbro, called "black granite", is a significant igneous rock in Earth's crust and mantle. It is often used as aggregate and gravel. Let's explore its charm!

What is gabbro?

Gabbro is always sold as granite because of its black color, but it is not granite. Gabbro is also mistaken for basalt due to its similar mineral composition. So what does gabbro look like?


Gabbro is a basic igneous rock equivalent to the intrusive rock of basalt. It is formed when basaltic magma intrudes into the Earth's deep crust or upper mantle and slowly cools. Interestingly, gabbro can also be found in the moon, Mars, and other asteroids.

The minerals in gabbro are pyroxene (gray-green gabbro) and plagioclase (white to gray calcium-rich feldspar) in approximately equal amounts.

Here are the main characteristics of gabbro minerals:

  • Gabbro composition: 40%-90% Iron and magnesium mineral content, 45%-52% SiO2 content
  • Associated minerals: Olivine, hornblende, biotite, iron oxides, sometimes potassium feldspar and quartz
  • Gabbro color: From black to dark green or gray
  • Gabbro luster: Earthy, chalky, or dull are terms used to describe gabbro that lacks luster.
  • Gabbro texture: Medium to coarse-grained
  • Density: 2.7-3.3 g/cm3, low porosity
  • Hardness: 7
  • Compressive strength: Greater than 280 MPa
  • Gabbro crystal: Subhedral, euhedral, or anhedral crystal habit. Some show porphyritic, pegmatitic textures, rarely ophitic
  • Magnetism: Magnetite-rich varieties are magnetic

In addition, gabbro has outstanding properties that are resistant to wear, heat, and weathering, allowing it to maintain appearance and structural integrity over time.

Compared with synthetic building materials, gabbro is more environmentally friendly and does not emit harmful substances or gases. And gabbro is relatively abundant around the world, easy to obtain, and cost-effective.

Gabbro is a popular construction aggregate and decorative stone

These properties of durability, beauty, and versatility make gabbro a popular choice for functional and decorative uses in the construction and landscaping industries.

In the construction industry, gabbro is used as a facing stone.

In the road construction industry, gabbro is widely used as concrete aggregate, gravel for road construction, railway ballast, and filler where durable gravel is needed.

Gabbro is used in various construction projects

Small amounts of gabbro are sold in the dimension stone industry as Black Granite due to its black luster and polishing ability.

Polished gabbro can make dimensional stones such as cemetery markers, kitchen countertops, floor tiles, and monuments. It is also used as curb and landscaping stone and even for carving purposes.

How to crush gabbro for construction purposes?

The processing of gabbro rock mainly involves 4 key steps:
  1. 1Crushing process: The extracted gabbro rock is fed into a primary crusher (jaw crusher or gyratory crusher) to reduce the size to a more manageable diameter. If further crushing is required, a cone crusher is used for medium and fine crushing.
  2. 2Screening process: The crushed gabbro is screened by a vibrating screen and separated into various sizes. This ensures that the aggregate can meet the dimensional requirements of different construction applications.
  3. 3 Washing process: Depending on the intended use, gabbro aggregate may undergo a washing process to remove impurities such as clay, silt, organic matter, etc. This step helps improve the quality of the final product.
  4. 4Grading and Classification process: After cleaning and drying, the aggregates are graded and classified by a vibrating screen based on size and quality. It ensures that the aggregate meets the specifications required for various construction projects.
The following is a customer case of Oman Gabbro Crushing Plant: Get the Latest Price
Productivity 200 TPH
Feed size 700 mm
Output size 0-5 mm, 5-10 mm, 10-20 mm, 20-40 mm
Product uses Floor and road gravel
Equipment Vibrating Feeder, PE Jaw Crusher, Impact Crusher, Circular Vibrating Screen*2, Belt Conveyor*4


Gabbro plays a vital role in mineral processing, requiring crushing and screening to transform it into quality building and decorative stone. Choose from FTM Machinery's wide range of crushers for efficient hard rock crushing!


1. What is the difference between gabbro, granite and basalt?

What is the difference between gabbro, granite and basalt?

a. Formation: There are 3 different types of igneous rocks. To form granite, the magma needs a good hard squeeze so that its constituent materials can separate and form large crystals. Basalt forms when magma cools rapidly after contact with air or water. Gabbro is formed when magma sits for millions of years and cools slowly.

b. Characteristics: Basalt is a fine-grained, dark rock composed of plagioclase and pyroxene. Granite is a light-colored, coarse-grained rock composed of quartz, feldspar, and mica. Gabbro is a dark, coarse-grained rock similar in composition to basalt.

c. Crushing process: The jaw crusher, cone crusher, and impact crusher are usually used to crush basalt and granite. Gabbro uses the jaw crusher and cone crusher. Know about Granite Crushing and Basalt Crushing.

2. The difference between gabbro and diorite

Gabbro and diorite are both igneous rocks, but they differ in their mineral compositions and mafic content.

The difference between gabbro and diorite

  • Gabbro is a coarse-grained structure with more than 35% mafic content. It is composed of dark minerals like pyroxene and olivine to appear black or dark green.
  • Diorite is also coarse-grained but contains less than 35% mafic content. It has a salt-and-pepper appearance due to the presence of light-colored minerals such as plagioclase and hornblende.
Author : Jordan Jordan is the writer of the blog with a broad knowledge of this industry. Most importantly, he hopes to help you in your projects sincerely.

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