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Building a Sustainable Briquetting Plant (An Ultimate Guide)

Author : Jordan Last Updated :

In recent years, briquetting plants are an eco-friendly technology that converts various residues such as forestry, agricultural and industrial waste into solid blocks. Its application is in line with the general situation of green development, and the market expectations are very good.

What preparations should be made to set up a briquetting plant? How to configure a briquetting production line? Is there a reliable briquetting equipment manufacturer? FTM Machinery will answer them one by one for you.

What factors are considered in building a briquetting plant?

A briquetting plant is a complex project, which needs some preparations to maximize the value of your final products.

Building a briquetting plant

Before setting up a briquetting plant, you'd better do the following preparations:

  1. 1Assess your local market and demand for briquettes.
  2. 2Determine the purpose and size of a briquetting plant.
  3. 3Analyze the market share of your competitors.
  4. 4Be clear about the quality and quantity of raw materials.
  5. 5Make sure you have enough land to build the briquetting plant.
  6. 6Research and obtain required licenses, certificates, and environmental permits.
  7. 7Calculate all possible costs, and purchase equipment according to your production requirements and budget.

Whether you can get profits from your briquetting plant investment depends on many factors, including market demand, machine prices, labor costs, raw material costs, transportation charges, etc.

But a reasonable briquetting production line is the key to profitability. High-quality briquetting equipment can effectively improve efficiency and save costs.

Production processes of briquetting plant

The technological process of the briquetting production line usually includes several stages such as raw material preparation, crushing, drying, briquetting, and packaging.

Flow chart of briquetting plant

Step 1. Preparing raw material

Identify the material that needs to be briquetted, such as charcoal, soot, metal scraps, or copper scraps, to ensure they are suitable for briquetting. Screening or classification of raw materials to remove impurities.

Step 2. Crushing

Large pieces of raw material often need to be crushed and reduced in size for better briquetting properties. There are many types of crushers, which can be adapted to different raw materials.

This step should be omitted if the raw material is already in powder forms, such as charcoal powder or metal powder.

Step 3. Drying

If the moisture content of the raw material is too high, it needs to be dried to reduce the moisture content and improve the molding efficiency. The specific moisture content varies with different raw materials, and most of the raw materials are around 8%.

Step 4. Mixing

Raw material needs to be mixed according to different material ratios to ensure that the pressed product is uniform. Mixing time is generally 10-15 minutes until the raw materials are mixed evenly.

Step 5. Briquetting

The most critical step is the briquetting process, which starts with pre-pressing, the purpose of which is to compress the raw material into a certain shape, size, and density.

Then adjust the pressure and temperature to formally press to ensure the quality and shape of the finished product. The briquetting mold can be in the shape of square, round, oval, pillow, etc.

Step 6. Cooling and packaging

After the briquettes are formed, they need to be cooled to reduce their temperature and increase their strength. Cooling can be achieved through natural air cooling or using a cooling system. Once cooled, the briquettes can be packaged for storage or transportation.

FTM Machinery briquette plant equipment for sale

Briquetting plant equipment

According to the above briquetting process flow, what equipment is required for a high-quality briquetting plant? The specific equipment model may vary depending on the raw materials, production capacity, and desired briquette type.

Crusher machine

Crusher machine

A jaw crusher is commonly used to crush large pieces of charcoal, large ores, rocks, and other raw materials into smaller sizes. If the particle size requirement is small, it can also be further crushed into 3-5 mm using a hammer mill.

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Dryer machine

Dryer machine

Materials with too much moisture should not be fed into the briquetting machine. Too dry or too wet will loosen the briquettes. Therefore, a rotary drum dryer can reduce the moisture to 8-12%.

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Mixing machine

Mixing machine

A mixer stirs the dry raw material and the required binder or additive in a certain proportion to improve the quality of the briquettes. The mixer ensures that the adhesive is evenly distributed throughout the mixture.

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Briquette machine

Briquette machine

A briquetting machine is the core equipment that presses your material into different shapes for different uses. Charcoal briquette machines can be used for charcoal, and hydraulic briquette machines can be used for metal powder. Learn about 5 kinds of briquetting machines.

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Conveyor system

Conveyor system

Belt conveyors are used to transport materials between different stages of the production line, which can save a lot of manpower. A screw conveyor is also available for the charcoal mixing stage.

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Other auxiliary equipment

  • Carbonizing machine: If the raw material is coconut shells, sawdust, rice husk, peanut shell, straw, bark, waste wood, and other raw materials with high biomass content, first use a carbonization furnace to carbonize the biomass or agricultural wastes.
  • Screening machine: If the requirements for crushing particles are strict, the screening machine can screen different specification materials to obtain the required particle size.
  • Packing machine: Package the finished briquettes into suitable containers or bags for storage, transport, or sale at the market.

Successful cases of briquetting plant

FTM Machinery has some successful cases of briquetting plants around the world. These have demonstrated the potential of briquetting plants to address waste management, enhance energy efficiency, and promote sustainable practices.

50 T/H charcoal briquetting plant in the USA

Charcoal briquetting plant in the USA

  • Material: Charcoal (carbonized wood, wood chips, coconut shell)
  • Feeding size: 10 cm
  • Discharging size: 25 mm
  • Final product shape: Egg shape
  • Estimated budget: $32,000
  • Required equipment: Jaw crusher, conveyers, carbonization furnace, vibrating screen, binder, mixer, charcoal briquette machine

10-30 T/H coal ash briquetting plant in Kenya

Coal ash briquetting plant in Kenya

  • Material: Coal ash, coal
  • Feeding size: 5 cm
  • Briquette thickness: 25 mm
  • Briquette diameter: 50 mm
  • Estimated budget: $12,000
  • Required equipment: Double roller crusher, conveyers, rotary dryer, mixer, briquette making machine

100 T/H iron ore fines briquetting plant in Tanzania

Iron ore fines briquetting plant in Tanzania

  • Material: Iron ore fines, iron chips
  • Feeding size: 30 cm
  • Discharging size: 50 mm
  • Final product shape: Round
  • Estimated budget: $23,000
  • Required equipment: Jaw crusher, conveyors, vibrating screen, hydraulic briquette machines (2 sets)

Here are other cases of briquette production lines:

Investing in a briquetting plant is a wise choice

Nowadays, many countries have realized that excessive use of coal and fossil fuels causes resource shortages as well as serious environmental pollution problems.

Investing in a briquetting plant

Now, countries such as the UK, India, the Philippines, and Uganda encourage their people to make full use of biomass and agricultural waste as new fuels, and recycle industrial waste, thereby creating a profitable market.


All in all, a briquetting plant is a good investment project. After the raw materials go through the steps of crushing - drying - mixing - briquetting - packaging, etc., they can form dense briquettes, which integrate environmental protection and economy.

Want to start a briquetting plant business? Contact us now! FTM Machinery has solved the needs of nearly 2,000 customers from the Philippines, Turkey, the U.K., Netherlands, Ghana, Nigeria, Zambia, Uganda, Pakistan, etc.

Author : Jordan Jordan is the writer of the blog with a broad knowledge of this industry. Most importantly, he hopes to help you in your projects sincerely.

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